How to throw dartsis a big question in dart throwing.In order to perfect your dart throwing, we should look at the mechanics of the dart throwing first. Darts will fly on a parabolic curve when you throw them; dart throwing curve is the same curve that a baseball or bullet would follow. The dart throwing arc of the curve is determined by the force of the throw. The harder you make dart throwing the shallower the curve.
To apply this knowledge to our throw, we need to understand how our arms work when we make dart throwing. The best way to do dart throwing is to think of your arm as a machine. This machine is made up of three levers (your hand, forearm, and upper arm), these three levers are attached by joints (your wrist and elbow) and at the end of this machine is another joint attaching the machine to a fixed point (your shoulder). Below is a picture of this machine.
How to throw darts
Now if you have any mechanical engineering in your background, you will know that with a machine like this it is possible to draw any possible curve within the range of the machine. Now let's see how the arm looks in motion when you are actually make dart throwing.
Let's take a closer look at this animation together because it's very important in dart throwing. Notice how in the animation the shoulder does not move? When you are doing dart throwing, the only part of your body that should be moving is your arm. Moving down the arm we come to the elbow. Notice how the elbow doesn't move much in the begining phase of the throw but starts to move up during the acceleration phase. This is very important to keep our arm moving along the curve. If we tried to keep the elbow stationary, we would be forced to release the dart earlier. By moving the elbow during the throw, it enables us to guide the dart along the curve for a longer period of time increasing our accuracy.
Finally we come to the wrist. In this animation the wrist doesn't do much, and your wrist doesn't have to do much for a good and proper throw. Many players do use more wrist in their throws though; this is for accelerating the dart. By using a snap of the wrist for acceleration, it means that you can slow down the rest of the motions and thereby increase accuracy. Beginners should be cautious though. While many pros and experienced players do use the wrist for accelerating the dart, it can be a dangerous thing because it is one more thing that you have to control. By allowing the arm to do most of the work you may be better off. The best advice is to begin by letting the arm do the work; this will really help you get used to the motions involved. Once you are doing well, then try adding more wrist acceleration in little by little.